Ballot On Demand (BoD) Use Case

Title: Ballot on Demand Diagram - Description: Ballot on Demand Diagram. This diagram highlights blank ballot generation / ballot on demand in the election process between ballot creation and ballot marking, just after (and slightly overlapping) e-pollbooks. It also highlights voted ballot generation / ballot on demand in the election process just before ballot casting.
It also shows the flow of ballot generation / ballot on demand to the voter through to casting.

The purpose of ballot on demand (BoD) technology is to create an appropriate ballot for a voter at the time when they request it. The most typical scenario for this case is blank-ballot creation. This is typically encountered as an offline capability to create, for example, blank paper ballots via ballot printing during in-person voting at a polling place. Blank-ballot creation may take place at locations other the polling place such as when a voter prints their own paper ballot during absentee voting at home. Alternatively, BoD may be used after a voter selects their choices in order to create a voted ballot. This may often be seen in cases where ballot marking and ballot creation functions are co-located, such as in modern ballot marking devices which enable voters to mark and subsequently printvoted paper ballots. The voted ballot creation scenario may also have alternative contexts, such as an equivalent ballot creation scenario for absentee voters marking and printing paper ballots using their personal device(s). In addition to the ability to create (generate) paper/printed ballots in these and related contexts, one may need to create blank or voted ballots in one or more alternative ballot representations, be they in the form of QRCodes, text-based ballot and choice listings, or others. In this role, a BoD device may support the ability to create multiple ballot representations and/or the ability to convert among multiple allowed ballot representations.

Title: Ballot on Demand Scenarios - Description: Image showing Ballot on Demand Scenarios.
WHAT? Create an appropriate ballot for a voter at the same time when they request it.
HOW? Scenarios: 
1. Blank ballot creation.
Case 1. Typical-offline: ballot printing, paper ballots, at polling place.
Case 2. Absentee: ballot printing, paper ballots, at home.
Case 3: Alternative-ballot-representations, paper: ballot printing QR codes.
Case 4: Alternative-ballot media: electronic ballot generation.
2. Voted ballot creation.
Case 1: Typical-offline: ballot creation & marking, paper ballots, at polling place.
Case 2: Absentee: ballot creation & marking, paper ballots, at home.
Case 3: Alternative-ballot-representations, paper: ballot printing QR Codes.
Case 4: Alternative-ballot media: electronic ballot generation.
3. Multiple equivalent ballot representations: e.g., QRCoded ballot and human-readable ballot content (list of choices).

Image also shows an overview flow chart from ballot generation / ballot on demand to ballot delivery.

Use Case Scenarios

WHAT | Create an appropriate ballot for a voter at the same time when they request it

HOW | Scenarios

  1. Blank ballot creation

    1. Typical-offline: ballot printing, paper ballots, at polling place

    2. Absentee: ballot printing, paper ballots, at home

    3. Alternative-ballot-representations, paper: ballot printing QR Codes

    4. Alternative-ballot media: electronic ballot generation

  2. Voted ballot creation

    1. Typical-offline: ballot creation and marking, paper ballots, at polling place

    2. Absentee: ballot creation and marking, paper ballots, at home

    3. Alternative-ballot-representations, paper: ballot printing QR Codes

  3. Multiple equivalent ballot representations: e.g., QRCoded ballot and human-readable ballot content (list of choices)

Request for Feedback

For each use case scenario, please address these questions:
  1. Is the use case scenario in scope for the Next Generation VVSG for development of requirements that will undergo testing and certification? or
  2. Is the use case scenario in scope to develop as guidelines for election officials and voting system manufacturers? or
  3. Is the use case scenario not in scope for this work?
  4. If different parts of the use case scenario fall in 1., 2., and/or 3. Please identify as such.
  5. Is anything missing?

Comments

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