Voter Registration (VR) Use Case

Title: Voter Registration Diagram - Description: Voter Registration Diagram. This diagram highlights voter registration in the election process. It shows how voter registration systems support creation and maintenance of official databases of eligible voters.

The essence of voter registration (VR) technology is to enable all voters who are eligible to vote to become registered or to register to vote so as to be able to vote in U.S. elections. Many laws (such as the NVRA, HAVA, and others) and practices (such as voter registration drives) have come into being to make it as easy as possible for all eligible citizens to become registered to vote. This has resulted in an open-ended and evolving set of processes and systems that act as sources of voter registration data for VR systems, which also serve as drivers for the immense complexity and variation witnessed in this area.

Systems and strategies such as the Electronic Registration Information Center (ERIC) (used for data cleaning and synchronization) and NIST’s Common Data Format (CDF) (used for interoperability / data standardization) address problems arising from this variation. Due to the wide variety of data representations and dependencies, the role and necessity for strong data standardization and interoperability will be a critical factor (e.g., CDF for VR technologies). Reducing and controlling this variation is one of the strongest ways to detect and combat voter-information fraud.

VR systems may be organized in different ways – e.g., “top-down” statewide VRDBs connecting “downward” to lower-level county-level VRDBs, and “bottom-up” with information flowing in the opposition direction. They may be implemented using a broad spectrum of technologies. However, in general, their primary function is to support reliable and accurate voter registration in a very wide variety of contexts (in-person, online, etc.). They support voter registration processes occurring in many variations such as: in-person registration at registrar’s office, in-person voter registration at a Motor Vehicle Administration office, online registration, same-day voter registration, etc.

Title: Image showing Voter Registration Use -case Scenarios: - Description: WHAT? Reliably and accurately register voters

Case #1: Registration – initial capture of voter information for registration. Covers both in-person and online voter registration scenarios.

Case #2: Matching - covers strategies for confirming voter identity and eligibility.

Case #3: Multi-Function - covers important functions related to quality, management, and access of voter information.

Use Case Scenarios

WHAT | Reliably and accurately register voters

HOW | Scenarios

  1. Registration - initial capture of voter information for registration

    1. In-person (at registrar's office, at DMV, at voter-registration drive)

    2. Remotely (via online voter registration system)

  2. Matching - strategies for confirming voter identity and eligibility

    1. Identification

      1. matching mechanisms - robustly identifying voters

    2. Authentication

  3. Multi-Function - support for important functions related to quality, management, and access of voter information

    1. Quality - strategies for ensuring the quality of data in VR technologies (e.g., ERIC, data merging and purging, data review, verification, and validation)

    2. Management - strategies for input, exchange, import, interoperability

    3. Access - strategies for voters, EOs, election processes, and election technologies to access and use VR technology

Request for Feedback

For each use case scenario, please address these questions:
  1. Is the use case scenario in scope for the Next Generation VVSG for development of requirements that will undergo testing and certification? or
  2. Is the use case scenario in scope to develop as guidelines for election officials and voting system manufacturers? or
  3. Is the use case scenario not in scope for this work?
  4. If different parts of the use case scenario fall in 1., 2., and/or 3. Please identify as such.
  5. Is anything missing?

Comments

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